Building a House
Building a House । Part – 3।
The House Ventilation System
Phase 2: Ventilation
The indoor air quality (IAQ) in the house you build is very important because it directly affects your health. You can incorporate two kinds of ventilation into your house; natural or mechanical.
Natural ventilation includes using windows, and mechanical ventilation includes using machine systems that exhaust indoor air and/or bring outdoor air into the house.
Both kinds of ventilation have rules under local building codes, which you need to refer to when planning.
Things like smells, contamination, and moisture can be managed properly when there is proper ventilation in the building. Moisture control is extremely important because if there is not a good balance of moisture in the home mold and mildew can grow.
This can cause health problems and also impact the integrity of the home. There needs to be proper ventilation in the house that is planned out in the house design and construction.
We tried to use both forms of ventilation in our house, with a strong focus on natural ventilation (since we love windows and natural light, to begin with, this was an added benefit for us).
Mechanical ventilation uses installed machine systems that operate continuously so that they can be used all year. In cases where there is expected extra humidity in the house (say, for example, you cook and shower a lot) you will need to use continuous mechanical ventilation to maintain a safe and comfortable level of humidity.
Check your local building codes for the kinds of mechanical ventilation designs you can use; a mix of different alternatives is possible and if this is done, it needs to be executed by local codes.
Natural ventilation happens when you use windows during the warmer times of the year (when you don’t need to use heat in the home) and the air from the outside enters the home to create a comfortable temperature.
But during the seasons when heating is needed in the home, you will need to use a mechanical ventilation system so that you don’t have large amounts of heat loss and waste energy.
What we found interesting was that those rooms that have mechanical ventilation do not need a natural ventilation source, but of course, other things like fire safety also need to be taken into consideration.
We researched a system called “Heat Recovery Ventilators” that are said to recover heat from the air being expelled from the house, and then transfer this heat to the air coming into the home.
In the long run, this type of system is cost-effective and can save a lot of energy and money. There are different kinds of these systems, so do your research to see which would suit your home best.
Don’t forget that you will need to clean and maintain the system you choose, so look into how much work you will need to put into it in the long run.
Last Stage Of Home Building
Phase 3: Construction Final Finishes
Now you are nearing the end of completing your dream home. Stage 3 is when you see all your hard work and your vision pull together.
Enjoy this stage; you can put in the final touches and add personal taste here and there to make this building your own home!
The main things you will tackle during phase three have to do with the final finishes in your home. Items such as dry-wall finishes, painting, varnishing, etc.
You will also install things like your fixtures, and cabinets, and do your painting from room to room. And, of course, the last but not least finish will be your landscaping.
This we thoroughly enjoyed; we see our home as a haven away from our busy work lives and so we invested a lot of time into designing a beautiful garden and landscape.
Here is a quick summary of each of the steps for you:
Stage 1 – Interior Finishing: Finish the ceilings, walls, and floor finishes. Once these items were completed and were prepared for painting and varnishing, we completed the other carpentry work such as finishes around interior doors, handrails, frames, and trim.
Stage 2 – Fixtures, Cabinets, Paint:
Begin with interior painting, then install cabinets and fixtures. Once the painting is done, the cabinets can be installed.
Major equipment connections, such as furnaces, water heaters, stoves, clothes dryers, etc. are connected during this time. Final fixtures for plumbing, electrical finishes, light fixtures, and other fixtures are also installed.
Stage 3 – Landscaping:
This stage can be seen as the final touch to finishing your house building. Items such as fences, decks, walkways, steps, driveways, gardens, shrubs, and trees are put into place.
You are one step closer to completing your dream home! If at any point you need to remember what you did for each stage, browse through our modules once again to help you build your own house.
House Interior Finishes
Phase 3: Interior Walls and Ceiling
Now comes one of the most satisfying parts of building your own home; completing the interior finishes for the wall and ceilings.
At this point, you will see things come together and the vision of your home will be close to complete.
Typically, contractors will use drywall (aka gypsum board) for the wall and ceiling frame, but you can also use lumber, hardboard, plywood, and late veneer hardboard.
Drywall is the finish of preference for many because it is low cost, takes less time to install when compared to other finishes, and yields consistent results.
It is a sheet material that is made up of gypsum filler between two layers of paper and the edges along the length are typically tapered on one side so that it is easy to apply tape and joint compound.
Drywall is also manufactured in different forms for use, such as water-resistant, fire-rated, and prefinished, and is supplied in 4 ft. (1.22 m) widths, with varying lengths.
Usually, the finish boards are applied horizontally rather than vertically since it minimizes the amount of nailing. When using a gypsum board, it is best to apply the board in such a way that a minimum amount of supplementary fasteners are needed.
The boards can be attached to woof members by double nailing, screwing, single or double nailing, or glue and nailing.
Nails should be set slightly below the surface without damaging the paper. Sometimes, lumber is used as a decorative finish to walls and ceilings.
In terms of Healthy Housing Principles, the kind of wall and ceiling finish you use will have certain implications for those living in the house you are building and will live in for many years.
Also, thinking about how easy it will be to clean and maintain the materials you use will be an important factor in your material choice.
When we chose our materials, we did our best to purchase local materials that were not synthetic and recyclable. Also, we picked materials that were highly durable, and easy to maintain (such as solid wood paneling and ceramic tile).
Next, you will need to complete the floor coverings. Two things you need to keep in mind when deciding what material to use are durability and how easy it will be to clean.
You can use flooring in sheet or tile form, ceramic tile (typically used in kitchens, washrooms, and main entrances since they are water-resistant), carpets, and hardwood (most commonly used in living and dining areas, bedrooms, and corridors).
Building an Eco-Friendly House
There are many opportunities to use Healthy Housing concepts in your wood-frame construction and home building. When making plans on how to build your house wood-frame house construction represents an environmentally responsible choice.
Healthy Housing principles can be worked into many stages of wood-frame house building but should be especially considered during the design phase before commencing construction.
What is Healthy Housing?
Healthy Housing is the foundation of many of the concepts discussed on the pages and tutorials on this website. Many of the processes in wood-frame housing acknowledge that there is a relationship between the health of people, the environment, and the economy.
As a renewable resource, using wood in your house building can improve the quality of life, can contribute to the economy, and can help sustain the natural environment.
Healthy Housing can be used at various stages of structure building – whether it be through your interior finishes, landscaping, or the siting of the building.
5 principles make up the Healthy Housing concept: Occupant Health, Resource Efficiency, Energy Efficiency, Environmental Responsibility, and Affordability.
A: OCCUPANT HEALTH
- Radiation, Sound, Light Avoid exposure to electromagnetic fields, isolate external and internal noise sources and provide as much adequate natural light throughout the house as possible.
- Indoor Air Quality reduces the level of contaminants built into the building by selecting proper materials, removing any contaminants at the source, and creating fresh dilution of house air with fresh air by using ventilation.
- Water Quality Select a safe supply of potable water, and if this cannot be done, incorporate an adequate home treatment to remove bacteria, contaminants, chemicals, and distasteful tastes and odors.
B: ENERGY EFFICIENCY:
- Energy for Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Choose high-efficiency equipment that has the proper capacity and select proper house energy sources.
- . Renewable Energy Technologies Improve natural ventilation and cooling of homes during hot months and orient the building and windows in such a way that the building captures solar gains during cold months.
- Thermal Performance Create a compact design (reduce the building envelope) by creating proper insulation and airtight constructs, and by using high-performance windows.
- Electrical Consumption Reduce electrical consumption during mornings and early evenings, which are the peak hours of the day by using controls, and by utilizing energy-efficient appliances and lights
C: RESOURCE EFFICIENCY:
- Long life and Resilience Construct a durable building with thermal envelope finishes.
- Embodied Energy Consider environmental impacts associated with using certain materials and use recycled, renewable, and reused materials where possible.
- Waste Management Use construction materials wisely to reduce waste, and recycle and reuse where possible.
- Water Design landscaping and natural drainage systems to minimize water consumption outdoors and install plumbing fixtures that are water-efficient both indoors and outdoors.
D: ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY
- Sewage and Wastewater Encourage water conservation through the reduction of sewage and water waste.
- Community Planning Reduce ecological damage and take advantage of the sun and wind in designing viable communities. Hazardous Materials During the construction of your home avoid the use of hazardous materials.
- Affordability Strive to create affordable purchase prices and long-term operating costs.
- Adaptability Design and build to home to enable cost-effective renovations.
- Adaptability Design and build to home to enable cost-effective renovations.
House Green Building Materials
Healthy housing principles revolve around conservation and minimizing waste as much as possible. My family and I are very environmentally conscious and because of this, we tried to be very careful with the house construction materials we used, how much waste we produced, and how much energy we used.
All of the materials we used in our designs and our construction plans tried to be environmentally responsible as possible. Also, we found that using Healthy Housing principles when building our home help with affordability and costs.
As we began collecting the materials to build our house, we made sure that we stored the materials in proper areas with protection. This is because, if the materials are left out in rough weather that changes, you can damage the materials which would mean more needs to be purchased.
Also, sometimes you might not be able to see the damage clearly, and you will end up using the materials which can lead to construction defects.
We made sure that we had the house construction materials delivered to our construction site right before we needed them so that the risk of the materials being left out and damaged was small.
Our builders and designers worked these items into the plan as much as possible. For example, only after the foundation is complete did we have the sheathing materials and framing lumber delivered to the site.
When keeping lumber on-site, stack them on skids that are high off the ground and cover the pile with a waterproof cover. Any lumber that is stored in close piles can soak up water, which in turn causes a very slow drying out process.
Dimension lumber is commonly used for framing and is usually 1 ½ to 3 ½ in. (38 to 89 mm) thick. Anything thicker than this is called timber.
Any lumber that you will use to build your house will have a grade stamp, which marks that it conforms to the National Lumber Grades Authority (NLGA) grading rules for lumber.
Lumber is given a particular grade depending on its physical characteristics. Select Structural is the highest grade. Engineered wood products (EWPs) are also used for wood-frame housing and are made using less wood from small, faster-growing trees and make better use of forest resources.
Typically, once the framing has started, you can start to bring in the roofing shingles and plan for the installation of windows and doors.
Other smaller items can be stored inside the house for protection once the roofing is done. However, try not to put too much in one spot on the floor since this can overload the floor joints.
Any house construction materials related to interior trims of hardwood flooring should only be brought in after the basement floor is done and completely dried. This is because before drying is done, the floor gives off moisture.
Features to Consider When Building a New Home 2022:
What should be included in a new home? There are many smart and interesting features that you should consider when thinking about the construction of a new home.
What are the most important new “cool“ features to consider when building a new home in 2022? Nowadays everyone wants to have and acquire cool things to include when building a house.
Usually, these can be small things that get forgotten when building a house or major things that homeowners are not aware of if they don’t follow the new technologies.
Building technology advances every day. To put your mind at ease, remind yourself that technology has always advanced to make our lives better. Therefore, you should consider a few things that we are going to discuss.
It’s better to at least have an idea rather than later feeling like you missed out on something, things that you would wish if you did have or considered when building your new house.
What Building Construction & Materials Inventions Have Improved Everyday Life?
There are many important new inventions to consider when building a new house. We are specifically talking about new technologies such as automation or smart home technologies.
We will talk about other considerations like space planning, House Green Features, Safety and Disaster-Resistant Features, etc.
These are the Must-Have New Features of 2022:
Smart Technology House Features:
- Smart-Home Technology
Automation, as you might have noticed, is increasingly becoming an important part of our lives in all aspects. In the year 2022, new technological inventions will make a huge impact on our daily life more than ever.
We aim to help you better understand new innovative ideas for daily life. We all agree that technology has made life better.
Sometimes, simple innovative ideas in technology can make your life much better and can greatly increase your quality of life.
Nowadays everyone should consider the top-notch new smart security systems such as smart locks, smart remote surveillance cameras, smart security alarm systems, and home automation systems in general.
You can turn on and off lights by just clapping your hands, what other technological advancements can be developed in the future? More than you think.
This is just the beginning. Technology has a great, mostly positive, impact on our daily life, and we think you should consider implementing some of the new smart features into your new home.
The Automation of the House:
So what are the custom home must-haves of the year 2022?
This is a list that we think is a must-have:
- Smart Features:
- Smart Home Building Systems
- Smart or Switchable Glass
- House Green Features
- Solar Panels
- New Green Materials Features
- Non-Toxic Building Materials
- Low-Maintenance Exterior Materials
- Durable Exterior Materials
- Safety and Disaster-Resistant Features
- A Climate-Proof, Resilient House
What Are Smart Home Building Systems?
Residential home automation systems or the smart building system is when almost everything in a house is designed to be controlled remotely.
For example, controlling appliances. lights and other devices can be done remotely using a smart device such as a smartphone More often, through an internet connection, all aspects of the house can be controlled using one smart device or central control unit. Smart homes can also be set up through wireless or hardwired systems.
The purpose of smart home technology, or the smart home building system is to provide people with convenience and ease of use.
Even heating, ventilation and air conditioning, doors and windows, lighting, or water heating systems can be controlled using smart home building systems.
How To Build Your Own Home Automation System?
For you to build your residential home automation systems, we strongly recommend you first understand the different categories of home smart systems.
Building a smart home system with a thorough understanding of this powerful technology or without a plan can backfire.
Building a good smart home building system shouldn’t be hard if you are well informed. No worries, though, we will teach you to step by step everything you need to know about home automation.
Smart Home Systems and New Construction
Even though you can add smart features to an already built home, implementing the new smart features is best done during new home constructions.
During the construction phase, it’s easier to build and prepare a house for automation. For instance, many of the smart features can be designed to be hidden, where it will be harder to hide in an already built home.
That’s it… Good luck