building a house Part 1
Building a House Part 1
How to Build Build Your Own House? A Step-by-Step Guide
This is NOT Just a Quick Guide. This is a Practical Step-by-Step Guide. The Only Complete Detailed Online Free Self Build The AZ of Building Your Own Home Instructions Manual.
Building a House IN 2022, With no Experience
This is a guide for those who want to build their place without any prior experience whatsoever. Building your own home is a long yet existing process where you would have complete control over the building processes.
There are many benefits to building your own home, other than saving a huge amount of money. You could also work with an architect to help you out throughout the whole process.
We teach you everything you need to know about the design and construction phases process of building your own special house.
How to Build a House for Free? List of Things You Need to Build a House
Hello, I’m a professional builder and team member of architectureCourses.org. This section is dedicated to people who want to build their own houses.
I’ll be teaching you in detail how house construction works free of charge. I’ll explain everything you need to know about building new houses and also talk about how to build your own home.
You will feel much more informed when building your own home after reading the entire lessons provided in this section.
Table of Content:
- Permits, Foundation
- Interior, Doors
- Home Finishes and Exterior
- Beginning Construction
- Building Codes
- Basement Slab
- Framing & Vents
- Construction Mid-Stage
- Decorative Trim
- Indoor Stairs
- Construction Finishing
- Interior Finishes
- Building an Eco-Friendly House
- House Green Building Materials
- Features to Consider When Building a New Home 2022
- Smart Home Building Systems
Overview: Building Your Own Home: a Step-by-Step Guide
Introductory House Building Core Courses:
How to Build Your Own House – This is an introduction
Beginners Guide: How to Build Your Own Dream Home
Welcome building enthusiasts! On this free online course platform, you will find a host of information dedicated to wood-frame construction and the basic “how-to’s” on wood-frame design and home building.
Here, you can read about the ideas surrounding the wood-frame building and Healthy Housing principles. With this knowledge, you will learn how to properly use wood-frame housing technology to build your dream house.
Custom House Design: How to Build a New Home
While learning about the concepts and ideologies surrounding wood-frame building and construction, we will also discuss tools on how to build homes that utilize green designs that incorporate sustainability concepts.
Through these pages and tutorials, you will find practical methods and tools that explain these concepts, therefore helping you translate them into reality when planning the design of your building.
What are the Requirements for Building a House?
As you read through this website, you will develop an overall understanding of the steps and processes that go into wood-frame building and house building.
We recommend that you quickly read through each of the titles and topics to get an overview of the building process. Thereafter, we suggest that you go through each topic in more depth.
However, if you are looking for only a specific topic, you will find that each section is filled with great detail and information that can help answer your questions on how to build a home or other wood-framed building.
House Construction and Building Steps With Pictures
Each section explains the practical, environmental, and technical aspects of wood-frame building construction. As a builder and designer, you must consult your local building departments, suppliers, traders, and city by-laws when designing and building a house before beginning any construction process.
Laws and codes vary from region to region and so it is imperative that during the planning phase (and while using this website as a “how-to” guide) that you take all of these elements into consideration.
What is the Most Important Part When Building a House?
As a builder, you should also reference the codes of standards that discuss housing in your jurisdiction to ensure you are meeting your city’s requirements.
This is the most important part when building a house, otherwise, you will face endless difficulties.
Tips for Building a House with a Builder
Also, if you decide to hire a builder to help you out building the house, you can use this guide to your advantage. Understanding the construction methods and phases will greatly help you make informed decisions.
No builder will care as much as you about getting a perfect result. Thus, knowing what you are doing will benefit you in many ways and will save you a lot of money. We will provide tips for building a house with a builder.
All measurements on this website contain imperial and metric units.
Your feedback is always appreciated. Feel free to leave us a message if you have a comment or suggestion!
Cost To Build A New Home
House Building Phase 1 – Finances and Foundations – Before You Begin!
What are the 5 stages of building a house?
Small details when building a house are very important. House building stages’ time frame varies depending on many factors. The building process can take longer than anticipated if not planned appropriately.
All stages of construction must be appropriately planned and coordinated with the understanding that unexpected events will occur that are difficult to foresee.
Developing a contingency plan for “what if” situations can also be helpful in emergencies. It is best to think of these contingency plans during the initial planning stage when you are thinking about finances, and during the foundations and framing construction phase.
House Building Stage 1 – Pre Construction – Finances and Permits
What are the financial steps to building a house? The amount of time spent on this phase varies greatly depending on the country, city, and district you are living in. This is because during this phase you must:
How to Build Your Own House the Right Way?
- Develop a full set of plans that take into consideration zoning and building bylaws
- Seek out financing with an estimate of the total cost for the home or building, and
- Obtain the proper approvals and permits The time it takes for all of these items depends on your place of residence and your accessibility to information and services.
You should also determine how you will have temporary power access at your site, which can add to the timeline. Also, you should figure out the approximate cost to build a new home during this phase.
Stage 2 of Building Construction:
Do you have land and you want to build on it, and wondering where to start? We will show you the required and recommended steps to build a house on your land.
Steps to Building a House on Land
Before beginning any construction we advise that you survey the land to look over property lines so that you are properly observing the by-laws in your area.
Once this has been done, you can begin to set out the layout of your building and decide on how you will build your house. Usually, the layout can be completed in one day given that property boundaries are already in place.
Site planning (making a strategic plan to take advantage of weather conditions, managing drainage, etc.) takes more time and effort.
In cases where you are not experienced in observing the land, you can hire a land surveyor to speed up the process and to ensure you are not missing any important variables in creating the plan on how to build your structure on the property.
An accurate layout of the excavation for the placement and depth of the foundation must be done at this stage of the building process which is a very critical step.
Stage 3 of Construction: Excavation and Footings
To begin this phase, ensure you have the proper equipment, and personnel and that you have full access to the site you will build on. If all of these items are in place, this typically takes only 1 day.
Once completed, you will need an additional few days to trench for rough-in services, form and pour footings, remove the footing framework, layout the foundation walls and columns, and prepare the construction of the foundations.
Stage 4 of Construction: Backfill, Drainage, and Foundations
Account for a few days during this stage of your home building plan for the installation of foundations. This is typically done by a skilled sub-trade.
Also at this point, you will want to include curing concrete and removing formwork. It also takes a few more days to complete the dampproofing, foundation drainage systems, and backfill.
By storing excavation material and topsoil properly, you can eliminate the need to bring in fill and topsoil for backfilling.
Note that if your site is located in an underserviced area, extra work may need to go into measures for foundation drainage.
Stage 5 of Construction of the House:
Framing Ensure that there anthe adis equate temporary power supply for all tools and equipment to make this stage of building as easy as possible.
Arrangements will also need to be made with carpentry sub-trades to help with constructing different elements at this stage.
Generally, the building of stairs or the installation of pre-manufactured stairs, and the installation of a chimney are also included in this stage.
Given that there is a proper power supply the entire stage should only take approximately 2 weeks.
You should also be able to complete the framing and can install roofing (which is essential for protection from weather conditions during the rest of your building stages).
How Do You Build a Good House?
Now that the foundation for building your own house is established, you can move ahead to the next phase of construction.
We found that breaking down the construction into these phases really helped us get organized and it also allowed us to create a schedule to follow.
Next, you will learn about how to install windows, doors, plumbing, heating, and electrical, and you will also learn about how to complete the final exterior finishes.
New House Interior Finishes
House Building Phase 2 Stage 1
House Building Installing Doors and Windows
Installing doors and windows is typically done after framing is completed and it includes flashing and installing locks and other related hardware.
We found that putting in the doors after the framing is done allows you to see things in a more finished fashion, which sometimes might motivate you to change your mind about the windows and doors you will use.
Usually, this takes a few days to one week. Carpentry work that needs to be done includes jamb extensions and trim. Interior air sealing of gaps around the doors and windows can be done by a skilled contractor at this point as well.
House Building Stage 2
Electrical Rough-in, Plumbing, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning)
Plumbing, heating, and electrical rough-in all occur after the framing is complete and takes approximately 2 weeks when a licensed electrician and team are hired to complete the work.
Electrical and communication lines such as computer, TV cable, and telephones lines along with alarms are roughed-in.
The planning phase of this stage can take over 30 hours and what is great is that you can customize the different layouts to fit your needs.
If you decide to do any of the electrical rough-in yourself, double the time it would take a licensed electrician to do it. There are a variety of wiring codes and rules you must follow exactly and so studying this can take a while.
Tubs, bathing, and shower enclosures are installed and plumbing is brought from the service connections. Plumbers will typically run all of the sewer pipes that will be covered by concrete during the pouring of the basement floor.
This can take up to one day. Ducts are put into place for exhaust fans and the furnace is put into place. Rough-in for the HVAC takes approximately 3 days.
During this time, we ran the gas lines to different areas in the house (such as the fireplace, kitchen, and laundry room).
Stage 3 – Exterior Finishes, Insulation, Air and Vapour Barriers
When installing insulation it is important to protect it from possible moisture damage which can be caused by wind-driven rain.
Installing air and vapor barriers is also done during this time and can be combined with detailing around penetrations, fixtures, and outlets.
The exterior finishing stage includes stucco, brick, and siding in addition to soffit, fascia, eavestroughing, down-sprouts and window, and door caulking. Staining, painting, exterior trim, and millwork are also done during this stage.
The length of time to complete this stage ranges from 1 – to 2 weeks depending on the type of finish that will be used on your building.
House Building Phase 3 | Stage 1
Building a House: Interior Finishing
This stage takes approximately two weeks when installing the standard finishes but can take longer when more complicated finishes are selected for your building use.
We began this step by putting in the ceilings, walls, and floor finishes. Once these items were completed and were prepared for painting and varnishing, we completed the other carpentry work such as finishes around interior doors, handrails, frames, and trim.
House Building Phase 3 | Stage 2: Fixtures, Cabinets, Paint
It will take approximately two weeks to complete this stage. Beginning with the interior painting is important, as it will ensure you are avoiding staining items such as your cabinets and fixtures.
We found it most helpful to have the color selection predetermined, with some backup choices on hand just in case we changed our minds once we saw the house coming together.
The color choices you make at this stage will stay with you for a long time, so be sure to consult your designer to select a pallet that is warm and welcoming.
Once the painting is done, the cabinets can be installed. Major equipment connections, such as furnaces, water heaters, stoves, clothes dryers, etc.
are connected during this time. Final fixtures for plumbing, electrical finishes, light fixtures, and other fixtures are also installed.
At this point, some decide to install appliances such as dishwashers and refrigerators. Ultimately, in the end, all final installations must be inspected and the trade workers should ensure everything is working properly.
If at this point anything is not working properly, be sure to remedy the issue immediately. You do not want to have to go back and deal with an item when you’re ready to move it.
Also, make sure at this point that there is clean-up by all the workers.
Phase 3 | Stage 3 Exterior: New House Landscaping
This final and closing stage on how to build your home will take approximately one week in total (but of course, if you want something extravagant it will take more time).
We recommend having a long-term landscaping plan – put the basics in first, then after you move in you can incorporate more detail and personality.
This stage can be seen as the final touch to finishing your house building. Items such as fences, decks, walkways, steps, driveways, gardens, shrubs, and trees are put into place.
This concludes the summary of the construction phases on how to build your own house. We hope that the breakdown we provided helps you understand the general flow of construction and how much time each stage will take.
More detail for each of the phases and stages is found in our in-depth modules on the wood-frame building.
You can scroll through each of the topic titles for clear detail on how to proceed with each of the construction phases.
Practical Guides: All of the above as we mentioned was a quick overview. Here are the Practical Guides:
Beginning Construction: So How to Build Your Dream House?
As we began to design our home and think about the house-building process for our dream home, we realized that there are so many different ways to set the course of your home-building plan.
When reading about the different ways, it can seem like creating a plan about how to build your own home is intimidating and difficult.
However, what we found was that if you break the process down into sequential steps, the procedure becomes easy and manageable.
We started our building project as do-it-yourself entrepreneurs, and because of this, we had to do some intensive research into the design and building process for our house.
Learning about the process on how to build your own home can be a valuable learning experience, and here we will share with you what we learned during the process.
There is no one “typical” house construction process for a dream home and there are a variety of factors that must be considered.
Ask yourself the following questions to begin:
- Will I use a wood-frame structure? (if you are on this website, the answer is YES!)
- Will this be a single house or a subdivision?
- How many people and resources will I need for labor?
- What is the availability of materials for what I want to build?
- What will the weather conditions be like during the construction phase?
- What will the site conditions be like?
Because we are teaching you about wood-frame building, the planning process will be centered on the wood-frame approach and its appropriate techniques.
Additionally, we will teach you what we learned when we built our 3-bedroom home (but of course, if you are going for a 2-bedroom instead the tutorials are still applicable to you).
The very basics will be outlined here – for add-ons such as sunrooms, swimming pools, etc, you will need to visit our other pages for instructions and guidance.
How Long Does It Take to Build My Own House?
Typically, it takes about 16 weeks to build the wood-frame house structure from start to finish, assuming regular labor and minimal delays.
This does NOT include the planning and design process on how to build your house, and this is assuming it is an average 2-3 bedroom dwelling.
For larger, more elaborate buildings, 20 weeks or more is needed. For smaller dwellings, the time is cut down to 8 – 10 weeks.
When is the Best Time to Build Your Own House, & Begin construction?
Based on our experience, setting aside late spring, all of summer, and part of the fall is ideal for the construction phase of your house building.
However, it is still possible to build during other times of the year with proper planning and equipment.
There are delays you must take into consideration when making a timeline on how to build your home and when developing your construction process:
- Obtain building permits – have as many in place as possible when beginning.
- Materials supplies – is there a shortage or are the supplies easily accessible?
- Specialized structures and orders – if you are planning on having custom materials/designs, this also adds to the timeline.
- Unpredictable weather changes and patterns
- Labor availability or shortage
- Finance issues
Residential Building Codes
Phase 1: Permits and Inspections
How Do I Find My Local Building Code?
Before even beginning to think about house plans and related design elements you must first ensure that the property is zoned for residential use.
Depending on the area you have selected to purchase your land, there are a variety of different development restrictions, regulations, and specifications that need to be considered before planning your home development.
As we mentioned before, the restrictions and rules, and the amount of time it takes to go through this process, vary greatly from region to region, and sometimes even from neighborhood to neighborhood.
Keep in mind that although there can be variations from region to region most regions still do stick to national building codes as a basis and so it is a good starting point.
As first-time self-builders and designers, we found the process to be extremely time-consuming and complicated, but it is doable if you remain focused on the task and do not feel discouraged when you reach an obstacle.
Once you have done your homework and have created the plan, you can take it to an examiner who will verify if what you have designed adheres to code requirements.
And most importantly, make sure you have drawn your plans to scale and provide as much detail and description as possible so that the examiner can see that you have taken into consideration building codes and regulations.
Important Insider Tips for How to Choose an Architect, Interior Designer, or a Home Designer
When shopping for a house architect/designer/planner look for someone who has experience planning and designing in the area you purchased your loss.
This will ensure that you are bringing someone in with experience and someone familiar with the relevant building codes and regulations. This can save you a lot of time.
However, don’t rely entirely on the designer. Do your research so you can cover all bases. All of the specifications and plans should be done by a trained and experienced designer.
Although it might be costly at first, in the long run, it will save you time and money because it will help to minimize unforeseen problems and missed items.
As the self-builder and planner of your home, keep in mind that all of the inspection and approval regulations are there to ensure you are building a safe and healthy home.
Properly scheduling inspections will help you avoid delays and problems. When trying to schedule an inspection make sure you have studied what work needs to be completed before the inspector comes, and how long it will take for them to visit you to go through the inspection.
We have a complete guide as well on how to design your own house if you wish to also design it yourself.
The 5 Steps to Building a House Checklist:
The following is a useful summary that describes what a good building plan will have:
- A design plan that uses building codes and regulations as the basis; thereafter you can build on the rules.
- Drawings and sketches that are to scale.
- Details and descriptions that contain the minimum required information that is needed by your building department.
- Completed forms and registration/inspection requirements (where applicable).
- Information that provides to suppliers and sub-trades enough detail so that they can properly supply and install equipment and materials.
If you follow all of the above and have studied the regulations of your building department a permit is certain to be granted.
House Building Excavation For Construction
Phase 1: Excavation and Plot Lines:
When preparing for the excavation for construction, be sure to check with utility companies that service the area to see if the digging will interrupt or disrupt any buried services.
Accidentally cutting into power lines, gas lines, telephone lines, etc can be very expensive and you can even cause severe injury.
Moreover, when deciding where you will place your house on the land you need to check with the municipality for minimum setback and side yard requirements.
Clear the site so you can be certain that the perimeter of the house is visible and mark the perimeter by following the corners of the lot.
These corners will be the reference point for your house lines and excavation work. When we wanted to start setting the measurements and lines of the house we did two main things.
- We used something called the triangulation method to measure the squareness of building corners.
- We marked the excavation area.
The corners of our house were marked with small wooden spikes and additional marks were made if the spikes were lost during excavation (our team just spray painted the ground with fluorescent paint).
Something to keep in mind is that typically, excavations are done 600 to 700 mm wider than the corners of the house (24-48 inches) so that there is extra space for installing the formwork, applying to dampproof, installing the exterior insulation, and placing the drain tile.
Here is a great money-saving tip. All the topsoil that is on the area marked for excavation can be stripped, stored, and reused at a later date. All other soil that is dug up through the excavation is usually taken away.
Healthy Housing Tip: When giving thought to how you can minimize environmental impacts and also how you can save energy, give consideration to environmental elements such as solar access, wind effects, and water runoff when deciding where you will place the house on the lot.
Top 5 Useful Home Building Tips:
- High-performance windows give good natural lighting and can save energy while providing a beautiful view.
- Orient the house in such a way that you can use wind as natural ventilation.
- Try to follow natural water runoff patterns.
- Collect rainwater and use it to water gardens and wash exterior items.
- Passive solar heating can be taken advantage of when you orient the house 14 degrees west of south and 20 degrees east of south.
Now comes the fun part – starting the excavation with the heavy-duty equipment! Most likely the builders will use either a bulldozer or power shovel.
How deep you go for the excavation and the exact elevation of the foundation will depend on the elevation of the street, sewer, and water services, the shape of the lot, and the level of the finished grade around the house.
Also, in terms of your house itself, the amount of headroom you want in your basement and the elevation of the floor above the grade impact how deep the excavation will be.
Headroom for the basement can be anywhere between 6 ft 5 in (1.95 m) to 7 in (2 m), but if it is used as a living space then the minimum headroom should be 7 ft 7 in (2.3 m).
Also, make sure that the excavation does not impact the foundations of surrounding homes. If the excavation is going to be done in the winter, make sure to protect it because building on frozen soil can create many expensive and difficult problems.
House Placement: House Elevation Design
Simple House Front Elevation Designs for Single Floor:
This is for the normal house front elevation designs. We use front elevation designs for small houses as an example. However, this is also good for double floor normal and custom house front elevation designs.
Phase 1: House Placement
Now that the excavation is complete, you can move on to the house elevation design and place the lines and elevation for the footings and foundation. This is done by using the previously marked locations for the foundation walls.
Place three wooden spikes at least 4 ft (1.2 m) beyond the lines of excavation for each corner, which you can then use to place the batter boards. Nail the boards horizontally and ensure that the tops of the boards are level and at the same elevation.
Next, place the stout string across the tops of opposite boards at two corners and adjust the string so that it follows exactly the line of the outside edge of the foundation.
The building corners need to be square to move along with construction. There are two methods to determine this.
Method one is called triangulation. With this method, you measure a distance in multiples of 12 in. (300 mm) along one side of the corner. You then measure the same number in multiples of 16 in. (400 mm) along the adjacent side. The hypotenuse, or the diagonal, should have an equal number of multiples of 20 in. (500 mm) when the corner is square.
With the second method, you simply measure the diagonals, and if the diagonals are equal, the building corners are square.
Phase 1: Concrete Works, Mixing Concrete On-Site
If mixing concrete must be done on-site you need to use aggregate and water that is clean and absent of any organic material or other substances that can damage the concrete.
When adding air-entraining admixture it must be done according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
When in doubt speak with the manufacturer about mixing portions and be sure to specify the user. Too much admixture will decrease the strength of the concrete and using admixtures should only be done when you are using a motorized mixer.
Concrete works for building your own house should be well planned and prepared properly since this will be your foundation.
Depending on which part of the home you are using the concrete for, you would need different psi strengths. We used ready-mixed concrete for our concrete work and this can be purchased at most locations.
When ordering concrete for foundation walls, interior slabs, and footings you need to specify that a minimum strength of 2200 psi (MPa) is needed.
For driveways, exterior steps, carport floors, and garage floors a minimum of 3600 psi (25 MPa) of air-entrained concrete is needed (air-entrained refers to the introduction of air bubbles into the concrete mixture to increase durability).
For these purposes, the air-entrained concrete must be between 5 to 8 percent. The system of minute air bubbles will make the concrete more workable and more easily placed than plain concrete and will also be more protected from frost.
For all exterior concrete work, it is necessary to use air-entrained concrete, and it is also recommended for other applications to improve workability and durability.
Concrete works: Placing Concrete
Concrete works and placement begin with using forms to properly place the concrete. If you cannot access all points of the forms you can use a wheelbarrow, buggies, or chute to move concrete to all points in the form.
When placing concrete into forms ensure that the concrete does not fall into the forms from a height of more than 5 ft, as this will cause the concrete to segregate.
Concrete should be put into the forms continuously in horizontal lifts no more than 12 to 18 inches (300 to 450 mm). When placing the concrete from a higher drop, use a vertical pipe to properly pour the mixed concrete.
When depositing the concrete it is important to remember that the concrete should be spread out and leveled by raking or shoveling, rather than pouring the concrete into a pile.
We used pumping to place our concrete, but sometimes this equipment is not available on site. In any event, we found it was easier to use pumping so we recommend having this equipment on site.
A vibrator can be used to consolidate the concrete once the placement has been done. Next, you need to uniformly compact the concrete by using tamping hand tools (such as puddling sticks), or by a vibrator (which was the best choice based on our experience).
Note: concrete operations should not take place when it is at or below 41 °F (5°C), or when you expect the weather to take a turn in that direction within 24 hours.
The ideal temperature range is between 50 °F (10°C) and 77 °F 25°C) for mixing and placement. Additionally, the concrete must be maintained at a temperature of no less than 50 °F (10°C) for at least 72 hours while curing.
This can be accomplished by mixing the concrete with heated water. Any snow or ice should be removed from the framework and the concrete should not be placed against frozen soil.